The ATMO-Vent (Atmospheric Mixture Optimization Ventilator) of the Group of Atmospheric Science, has been designed as a possible solution to mitigate this stress on the health systems. This project has been presented at Swedish hackathon: “Hack the Crisis” the official COVID-19 hackathon in Sweden
One of our papers has received 2426 article downloads in 2019, placing it as one of the top 100 downloaded microbiology papers for Scientific Reports in 2019.
Our Team members (Anshuman Bhardwaj, Thasshwin Mathanlal, and Miracle Israel Nazarious) mounting KORE at the MINAR campaign in the Boulby mine, U.K.
During the period February 17th to 20th, as a part of the Space Week, we have developed several educative workshops for all kinds of audiences about space prototyping based on the HABIT instrument.
The project is funded through the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 programme and will run for four years from February 2020 until January 2024.
The HabitAbility: Brines, Irradiance and Temperature (HABIT) instrument developed by GAS at the Luleå University of Technology is undergoing the ExoMars environmental tests.
On February 13th and 14th, the Group of Atmospheric Sciences has hosted one of the regular workshops of the Nordic Icing Center of Expertise (NoICE) project.
HABIT Tour is s space communication tool using an innovative format based on a face-to-face interaction with all types of audiences using hands-on resources form them as mock ups, every-day life objects, replicas, etc…
Over the course of nearly six years, the instrument SAM (Sample Analysis of Mars) at NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover has acquired atmospheric composition measurements of the air of Gale Crater on Mars.
Norteas is a Nordplus network of Nordic and Baltic Performing Arts institutions in higher education focused on sharing about our everyday life.
After its visit to the United Kingdom (Leicester and London) , HABIT Tour comes back home and will stay during one month at one of the most important cultural centers of Luleå: Kulturens Hus.
As a continuation of the activity started last May, a group of fifteen Kråkbergsskolan students took part of the Climate Change activity organized by GAS with the goal to improve their awareness about this global phenomena.
GAS-LTU PhD students Miracle Israel Nazarious and Thasshwin Mathanlal have participated at the 70th edition of the International Astronautical Congress (IAC).
A new Abisko (this time a single day) fieldwork campaign has been developed by GAS on September 26 in the Laktajakka Valley.
New Scientist Live is the most important Science Festival in the world and HABIT Tour participated with the box installation and a talk by Chaired Professor Javier Martin-Torres titled “Can we live in the Red Planet.
His Majesty Carl XVI Gustaf was earlier this week on a "sustainability trip" in Norrbotten
ESA has chosen the Far-infrared-Outgoing-Radiation Understanding and Monitoring (FORUM)mission to be the ninth Earth Explorer mission.
A dedicated campaign to test HABIT EQM under Mars environmental conditions took place, on 6th-9th August 2019, at Aarhus (Denmark), in the Danish/ESA Mars Simulation Wind Tunnel.
GAS-LTU will participate in two educative and outreach events of the European Space Agency (ESA) in September and October.
Dr. Rettberg is a co-I of HABIT and is furthermore and expert on planetary protection that assists the European Space Agency (ESA) monitoring the bioburden levels of instruments, and spacecraft that are sent to Mars and participating in the training activities that are given to engineers and scientists involved in space missions.
This autumn HABIT has started its international Tour by visiting the National Space Center, a reference space science communication institute.
It is the first time that this kind of training is provided in a University.
On September 11th GAS Professor María-Paz Zorzano will give a lecture about the search for life in the Solar System in the 2019 University of Auckland Vice Chancellor's Lecture Series.
The field site campaign carried out by GAS at Kärkevagge took place for five days between 24 and 30 August, 2019.
The main results of this work have been summarized in two articles which are attracting considerable attention.
This year GAS has a notable presence in the European Planetary Science Congress (EPSC) DPS Joint Meeting, September 16th to 20th 2019 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Professors Javier Martin-Torres and Maria-Paz Zorzano visited the Pheasant Memorial Laboratory of the Okayama University at Misasa, Japan.
After several months touring space science in places like Umeå, Uppsala or Goteborg, HABIT Tour come home from Malmö University to be in Luleå city during the summer season.
GAS PhD Candidate Miracle Israel Nazarious has been awarded with a grant, by the International Space University (ISU),to be part of the Space Studies Program 2019, hosted at the ISU central campus, Strasbourg, France.
This nation-wide campaign is introducing the concept of HABIT with a twist of futuristic science fiction.
The prestigious international platform for science Engagement Falling Walls has invited GAS to the Falling Walls Engage Community Meeting in Halle, (Saale) next June 21st.
While the HABIT Flight Model instrument was passing the final calibration and validation tests in the Clean Room environment of Omnisys Instruments, GAS implemented a workshop with high school students, this day, with a practical-case, was used as a learning tool and a motivational example for them in STEM.
The final calibration of the Engineering Qualification Model (EQM) and the Flight Model (FM) have been implemented in the Clean Room environment of Omnisys Instruments, in Gothenburg.
The prestigious and excellent University of Edinburgh has invited Chaired Professor Javier Martin-Torres to give a keynote talk next May 29th.
On 22nd May GAS glaciologist Shaktiman Singh will present a co-creation pilot project for climate change awareness called “Smart educative tools for climate change action” to 13-16 years old students of Kråkbergsskolan.
Professors Lars-Göran Westerberg and Torbjorn Lofqvist have invited the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS) to be part of the new informal motivational sessions called “pizza evenings”
Student Thasshwin Mathanlal has been selected as international representative student from Luleå University of Technology. He will participate in a ceremony arranged by the Swedish Institute and The Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Stockholm on 21st of May.
The Group of Atmospheric Science has been invited by the prestigious School of Journalism and Mass Communications of San Jose State University to share its science communication strategy.
From January 14th to march 20th Professor David J. Cuartielles of Malmö University has imparted the Course “Introduction to software and electronics for instrumentation and data collection” to eleven LTU PhD. Students.
A recent research paper, led by Dr. Rafael Navarro-González and his team of scientists at the Institute of Nuclear Sciences of the National Autonomous University of Mexico in Mexico City, has demonstrated with experimental and theoretical models, that asteroid impacts on ancient Mars could have produced, fixed nitrogen, one of the main ingredients for life if the Martian atmosphere was rich in hydrogen.
The Post-Doctoral Scholar Elizabeth Escamilla Roa from GAS, participated in this meeting where she presented her work about a plausible mechanism of carbonate formation on Mars.
GAS researchers are now implementing the activities required to comply with the planetary protection protocols recommended by the European Cooperation for Space Standardization.
The second SWASDAG campaign in the Himalaya has achieved successfully all the planned operational and scientific goals.
On April 1st, GAS Ph.D. student Álvaro Soria-Salinas will start a five-months long internship as Visiting Researcher at the ESA´s European Astronaut Centre (EAC).
For this year edition GAS PhD. student Thasshwin Mathanlal has been chosen among more than six hundred candidates.
GAS was invited to this event, and did a hands-on workshop based on HABIT which had 67 attendees of all ages.
From the 17th to 22nd of March a GAS Team will develop a new Sustainable WAter Security through the Development of Artificial Glaciers (SWASDAG) field campaign in the Himalayas, specifically in Leh region.
After Umevatoriet, the HABIT Tour continues the route being part of some important science events during March in Sweden.
This year’s list features 300 young disruptors across ten categories, hailing from 34 European countries and 22 non-European countries. The reporters considered thousands of nominations and polled expert judges to compile this list, where Álvaro Soria-Salinas has made it to the list because of his activities in Science.
GAS will be part of the EU-STEAM 2019 European Workshop on Technologies for STEAM Education and Human Learning organized by the Luleå Tekniska Universitet Learning Machine.
The “Water Farming on Mars” project lead by GAS Professors Javier Martin-Torres, Mª Paz Zorzano Mier and GAS PhD students Thasshwin Mathanlal, Abhilash Vakkada and Miracle Israel Nazarious,has been highlighted as number 1 in the MBR Centre for Accelerated Research brochure.
The SpaceQ Chamber is a high “Quality”, versatile, chamber for space exploration that has just been installed at the Luleå campus of LTU.
February is being an intense month for GAS Science dissemination. Several very prestigious international organizations will host the presence of Chaired Professor Javier Martin-Torres to address key aspects of today space research.
The purpose of this campaign was to demonstrate the performance of different preparations of the salts that will be contained within the BOTTLE part of HABIT.
Around 160 High School students have visited the GAS INSPIRE Lab and Mars Hab to figure out the “backstage” of HABIT as example of innovative space instrument.
Chaired Professor Javier Martin-Torres is one of the experts that has been invited to be part of the UAEU International Innovative Network for Space Science (UAEU-IINSS), led by the UAE University.
GAS-LTU PhD Student Álvaro Tomas Soria Salinas has been invited by the ESA Education office as expert and former student for the ESA Academy ‘Fly Your Thesis!’ program to give a lecture at the ESA Gravity-related Training Week 2019.
Chaired Professor Javier Martín-Torres is one of the international experts who has been invited to give a Keynote about Space Science on February 5th at the Annual Research and Innovation Conference.
The paper of GAS researchers recently published in the American Geophysical Union’s reputed Reviews of Geophysics journal is achieving an extraordinary impact in the science community.
Recently researchers of GAS Anshuman Bhardwaj, Lydia Sam, F. Javier Martín-Torres, and María-Paz Zorzano, published in the American Geophysical Union’s reputed Reviews of Geophysics journal, a very relevant paper about Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, as a novel Mars analogue site which shows exceptional conditions for studying Slope Streaks, still a challenging enigma for planetary scientists.
The latest paper by members of the Group of Atmospheric Science, published in the Reviews of Geophysics journal, presents Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, as a novel Mars analogue site which shows exceptional conditions for studying Slope Streaks, an intriguing kind of Martian surface features whose formation mechanisms are quite unknown and controversial. The possibility that deliquescence is involved in the phenomenon poses interesting questions regarding the assessment of the habitability of the planet’s surface, and counting on this new place permits to develop proper investigations to deepen in its comprehension.
Several members of the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS) have been involved during an intense week in remarkable outreach activities: the presentation of HABIT (Habitability, Brines, Irradiation and Temperature) instrument during Blixtlåset competition, and the second edition of the Arduino workshop at Luleå campus.
Miracle Israel Nazarious, PhD student from the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS), has submitted a project to the MathWorks’ Simulink Student Challenge, consisting of the application of a Peltier cell to the accurate controlling of thermal conditions for the calibration of HABIT instrument’s Ground Temperature Sensor (GTS).
Professor Javier Martin-Torres and Professor María Paz Zorzano, from the Group of Atmospheric Science, have been invited to participate in the Misasa International Symposium 2018 (Misasa VII), which will take place at Tottori, Japan, between 19th and 21st December. It is organised by the Institute for Planetary Materials of the Okayama University, and the central subject this year is “Sample return and Astrobiology”.
After having been mapping geological features at Río Tinto, the drone of the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS) has been working at the archaeological site of Cástulo, completing the tasks scheduled for the Spain campaign. On this occasion, the imaging of the area is intended to support archaeological studies, showing the versatility of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for their application to a wide range of investigations.
The field site campaign carried out by The Group of Atmospheric Science at Río Tinto, Spain, has come to its end after three days of works, focused on the geochemical and paleogeological studies of certain locations within the area. The main task of the GAS’s team, composed of Anshuman Bhardwaj and Juan Antonio Ramírez, has consisted of the mapping of the sampling sites by means of the Group’s drone for getting Digital Terrain Models (DTM) of them, thus highlighting the significance of drones as fast-emerging remote sensing platforms for providing reliable terrain data at unprecedented resolutions.
It was a successful flight and a great experience in weightlessness for the team from Luleå University of Technology that participated in the ESA programme Fly Your Thesis! – It is a very weird sensation that cannot be compared to anything you may experience on ground, says Álvaro Tomás Soria Salinas, PhD student in Atmospheric Science.
Anshuman Bhardwaj and Juan Antonio Ramírez Luque, members of the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS), in collaboration with David Fernández Remolar, a former member of the Group, are going to carry out a field site campaign in one of the most renowned Mars analogue sites on Earth: Río Tinto, in southwest Spain. The project, which has been partly funded by Europlanet and the Wallenberg Foundation, is meant to study the mineralogy derived from acidic salts and its evolution with regards to the associated biological activity.
KORE (KOmpact Rover for Exploration) rover, a project developed by the Group of Atmospheric Science, was the starring character for a while during the celebration of the Debate on Mars Exploration and Research, which tool place at LTU’s Luleå campus last 14th-16th November.
The Luleå University of Technology has hosted the International Debate on Mars Exploration and Research, organized by the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS), and held last 14th-16th November. The meeting has gathered together thirty top representatives of international institutions, agencies and universities from all over the world to debate about Mars exploration and research, with the aim of settling the basis for the future development of the research within the field.
Professor Javier Martín-Torres and professor María Paz Zorzano, of the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS) participated, at the fifth and final ExoMars Landing Site Selection. The purpose of this meeting was to select one single place to be recommended as future landing site for the ESA/Roscosmos’ 2020 mission (2020 rover and Surface Platform). The workshop was held at the National Space Centre in Leicester, UK.
The Moon Alchemist project, developed by a team from the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS) led by María-Paz Zorzano, has been awarded as top 3 finalists in the 2018 edition of the Space Exploration Masters competition as a viable solution for Moon propellant production. The project was selected among the 132 international proposals presented on this second edition of the call.
The International Debate on Mars Exploration and Research (The Mars Debate) will be held next 14th-16th November at Luleå University of Technology (Luleå campus) with the participation of expert scientists from all over the world, and representatives of different spaces agencies and space institutions, organizations and Offices. During three days of intense sessions the participants at The Mars Debate will be discussing about the next steps to be taken regarding Mars exploration, with the aim of posing the basic guidelines to be follow by the future missions.
The Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS) has organized two activities with a group of students from Porsöskolan, Luleå, Sweden, in collaboration with the science teacher Magnus Thurfjell, and framed in the commitment of the Group with the spreading of its research work across the length and breadth of society. On this occasion, the aim was to put real research at the reach of schoolchildren to raise their curiosity and interest in science, while reinforcing the knowledge they get at school.
Professor Javier Martín-Torres and Professor María Paz Zorzano were among the 10 European scientists invited to participate in the NASA’s Mars 2020 rover landing site workshop, which took place last October 16th-18th at the Hilton, Glendale, Los Angeles. This was the fourth and final workshop on the subject, from which the criteria for choosing a destiny for the mission were definitively posed.
Teknikens Hus, at Luleå University of Technology has devoted a corner to a permanent exhibition of HABIT (HabitAbility, Brines Irradiation and Temperature) instrument, which is included in the aerospace technology area of the museum. There, it shares room with satellites, rockets, the ISS and other remarkable space exploration achievements.
The Nordic Wind Energy Center (WindCoE) project has been the winner of the Arctic Project Award 2018, granted by the Northern Periphery and Arctic (NPA) Programme in collaboration with the EU’s Regional Development Fund. The Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS) is one of the partners of the project representing the Luleå University of Technology.
Álvaro Soria-Salinas, Thasshwin Mathanlal, and Miracle Israel Nazarious, PhD candidates at the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS), participated last week in the 69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), held in Bremen, Germany, where they presented four contributions related with several GAS’ ongoing projects.
The 2nd edition of the Space Exploration Masters, 2018, the space innovation competition has attracted 132 new business ideas from 42 nations worldwide. Initiated by the European Space Agency (ESA) in 2017, the Space Exploration Masters has become a main pillar to implement the goals of the ESA Space Exploration strategy.
The improved Pressure-Volume-Temperature GAuging Method for Electric pRopulsion Systems (PVT-GAMERS) is already on the sprint of the last weeks prior to the Fly Your Thesis! (FYT) parabolic flights 2018 campaign at Bordeaux, France. PVT-GAMERS was one of the only two proposal accepted in the competitive European call that took place last year. The experiment is meant to test in real microgravity conditions the PVT method to accurately ascertain the propellant content in the tanks of modern spacecrafts equipped with Electric Propulsion thrusters.
The two projects funded by the Mohammed bin Rashid (MBR) Space Settlement Challenge of the Dubai Future Foundation have been initiated with two field-site campaigns on two completely different Earth environments that are considered as analogue for Mars and that can give some information about the future of space settlement in this planet.
The International Mars Sample Return Objectives and Samples Team (iMOST) finished its work on the study of science potential of Mars Sample Return and released the correspondent “white paper” report, in which a detailed strategy for the collection and further analysis of the samples to be return to Earth has been defined. One of the members of the iMOST team, Professor María Paz Zorzano, from the Group of Atmospheric Science, has explained to us why it is relevant to cooperate internationally on this matter.
The 6th Mine Analog Research (MINAR 6) campaign at Boulby mine, UK, is about to start, and once more a team representing the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS), composed of Anshuman Bhardwaj (leading the expedition), Thasshwin Mathanlal and Abhilash Vakkada-Ramachandran will participate to perform several research activities and technology testing.
A recently published paper in Nature Scientific Reports (Heterogeneity in topographic control on velocities of Western Himalayan glaciers), authored, among others, by Lydia Sam, Anshuman Bhardwaj and Javier Martín-Torres, members of the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS), has contributed transcendent information about the dynamics of Himalayan glaciers, increasing this way significantly the understanding of this hydro-glaciological system whose monitoring is of the major importance to observe the effects of climate change and to foresee its immediate consequences.
Professor Javier Martín-Torres, leader of the Group of Atmospheric Science, has been invited to give a presentation at this year’s United Nation/Austria Symposium, whose core topic is “Space for sustainable development goals”, organized by the UN’s Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA). The event will be held, as usual, in Graz, Austria, from 17th to 19th September and, on this occasion, it will be aimed to get “stronger partnerships and strengthened cooperation for 2030 and beyond” within the international space community.
Armando Azúa-Bustos is an astrobiologist collaborating with GAS in the LAREX (Low-cost AeRobiology EXpedition) campaign, devoted to characterizing the aerial transport of microbial organisms in the Atacama Desert, Chile. Atacama is one of the most Martian-like environments that can be found on Earth, and this study is aimed to extract conclusions that can be applied to the exploration of Mars, regarding the search for traces of life by the upcoming missions, and in particular to the operations to be carried out with HABIT instrument.
Last week, the Group of Atmospheric Science has hosted a group of students from the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) visiting Luleå campus, in a first step to establish a frame of regular collaboration between the two universities.
Roberto Mantas Nakhai, master student collaborator in the Group of Atmospheric Science, has been selected as intern in the ESA’s Planetary ANalogue Geological and Astrobiological Exercise for Astronauts (PANGAEA) training programme, and will spend three months working on the development of a related project at the European Astronaut Center (EAC), Cologne, Germany.
The results of the works carried out by all the scientific teams participating in the fifth edition of the Mine Analogue Research (MINAR 5) programme, have been published in the paper Subsurface scientific exploration of extraterrestrial environments (MINAR 5): analogue science, technology and education in the Boulby Mine, UK. The Group of Atmospheric Science took part in this campaign with several experiments related to its main research projects, including a first testing of the Engineering Model of HABIT instrument. [...]
Anshuman Bhardwaj and Juan Antonio Ramírez Luque, members of the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS), have travelled to Iceland to develop a field campaign, framed in the collaboration agreement signed with the University of Akureyri. [...]
The paper Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection effects on thermospheric density as inferred from International Space Station orbital data authored by the Group of Atmospheric Science’s PhD student María Teresa Mendaza, has been distinguished with the Outstanding paper award for young scientists, granted by the Committee on Space Research’s (COSPAR) Bureau. [...]
During the past Friday 25 and Saturday 26 May, CNES, ESA and ESA BIC Sud France organized the third edition of ActInSpace®, the top international competition devoted to space applications. The 2018 ActInSpace hackaton was hold concurrently in 35 countries and 70 cities on all five continents. GasPAC was the winner of the Swedish contest and the team was to Toulouse, France, for the international final. [...]
Luleå University of Technology has become a full member of the European Network of Science Centres and Museums, (ECSITE), meant to coordinate the efforts of its more of 330 members in engaging society with science, by supporting and promoting their actions (science related debates, exhibitions, workshops etcetera. [...]
Two projects from the GAS team have been selected within the Mohammed bin Rashid (MBR) Space Settlement Challenge of the Dubai Future Foundation. This challenge looked for projects aimed at developing ambitious ideas and concepts in all areas of research that explore space settlement and the habitation of space. [...]
A new study published by Science magazine and co-authored by Javier Martín-Torres and María Paz Zorzano, of the Group of Atmospheric Science, has established a clear seasonal pattern in the variations of methane concentrations within the Martian atmosphere. This discovery means a step forward to unveil the mystery of the presence of methane on Mars, one of the biggest conundrums to be faced in the planet’s exploration field. [...]
The PVT-GAMERS (Pressure-Volume-Temperature GAuging Method for Electric pRopulsion Systems) project has been awarded during the INNOSpace Master´s Conference and Awards Ceremony, that took place at the Humboldt Carré Center in Berlin on June 5th. [...]
Anshuman Bhardwaj, member of the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS), and responsible for the Swedish contribution to the SWASDAG (Sustainable WAter Security through the Development of Artificial Glaciers) project, was to Ladakh, India, last April for the start-up of this collaborative project intended to palliate the seasonal water shortage in this remote region at the foothills of the Himalayas. [...]
GASPAC (Group of Atmospheric Science Payload Assembly for Citizens) team were the national victors of the 2018 edition of the ActinSpace contest, held in Luleå 25th-26th of May, after completing a hackathon of 24 exhausting hours of brainstorming, creation and prototyping design. [...]
Last May 10th, Professor María-Paz Zorzano and José Antonio Gordillo Martorell, of GAS/LTU, participated in the forum Mars Habitability, organized by the Spanish foundation Pablo VI, Madrid, Spain. [...]
Arduino is an open-source electronics platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. Probably is one of the most successful scientific tools nowadays in the field of prototyping. Arduino is constantly used by GAS in some of their most important research projects as you can see here. [...]
Professor Javier Martín-Torres, head of the Group of Atmospheric Sciences (GAS), has received a remarkable acknowledgement by being conferred the tittle of Honorary Professor of The University of Edinburgh (LINK), a top-rated university that was founded in 1583. [...]
The instrument HABIT will “visit” Mars in 2020 as a part of ExoMars mission, and, if successful, it will be the first Swedish instrument ever operating on the surface of Mars. Before cruising for more than eight months to the Red Planet, it will be part of an inspiring new learning habitat, here on Earth, at Teknikens Hus in Luleå, to explain amazing and interesting things about Mars environment. [...]
The Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS) is enthusiastically participating in this year’s Star Wars day (4th of May), a tribute established by the fans of the famous saga, which has hooked successive generations of public all around the world. This celebration offers a unique chance to highlight some of the Group’s projects, whose application was somehow advanced in the movie series, as well as to attempt an amusing assessment of how much of science, and how much of fiction can be appreciated in this “sci-fi” epic story. [...]
The Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS), through the participation of professor María Paz Zorzano and Ricardo Fonseca in a collaboration with Armando Azua-Bustos, currently working at the Spanish Centre of Astrobiology (CAB), has just started a campaign aimed to characterize the aerial transport of microbial organisms in the Atacama Desert, Chile. As a renowned Mars analogue site on Earth, Atacama offers the conditions to study the possible transport of biomass by wind and on aerosols, and the implications it can entail for the exploration of Mars by the upcoming missions. [...]
The PSIDA (Planetary Science Informatics and Data Analytics) conference, held in St. Louis, USA, organized by the Lunar and Planetary Institute, the NASA Planetary Data System Geoscience Node and the McDonell Center for the Space Sciences, provides an international forum to discuss approaches, challenges, and applications of informatics and data analytics technologies and capabilities in planetary science. Professor María-Paz Zorzano, of GAS (Group of Atmospheric Science), has given in this international forum a lecture about PACKMAN-Net: the archive and dissemination of the network of PACKMAN instruments monitoring space weather on Earth. [...]
Professor María Paz Zorzano and David Fernández Remolar, from the Group of Atmospheric Science of the Luleå University of Technology, have been invited to become members of a large international scientific assessment group: the iMOST (International Mars Sample Return Objectives and Samples Team). The goal of iMOST is “to study the science potential of Mars sample return”. The initiative has been driven by the International Mars Exploration Working Group (IMEWG) and aims to involve the international community in the planning for returned sample science, including the analysis of the returned samples. [...]
Swedish participation to iGOSP (Integrated Global Observing Systems for Persistent Pollutants) project will pay special attention, among other issues, to the poisoning of the environment with mercury, in accordance with the guidelines established in the Minamata Convention, ratified by Sweden in July 2017. The Swedish contribution within the project is coordinated by Professor Javier Martin-Torres, head of the Group of Atmospheric Sciences (GAS).[...]
At the INSPIRE (INstrumentation for Space and Planetary Investigation, Resources and Exploration) Lab the LTU staff, PhD candidates, and Master students can do something extraordinary: explore unknown planetary environments in secured conditions with the adequate technology. How is that possible? Thanks to an open-source, robust and powerful hardware and software technology: Arduino. [...]
PVT-GAMERS (Pressure-Volume-Temperature GAuging Method for Electric pRopulsion System) project has reached another successful milestone in its development process by being selected as one of the finalists in the INNOspace master competition which, on this occasion has been convened under the slogan of “space moves”. The project’s team will be invited to participate in the final, in April, where they have to defend their proposal again, and an overall winner will be chosen to be publicly announced during the Conference and Awards Ceremony, to be held next 5th, June, at the Humboldt Carré in Berlin.[...]
Professor María Paz Zorzano, member of Luleå University of Technology’s Atmospheric Science Group, is invited to give one of the eight scheduled keynotes lectures at the Dutch Earth Science Congress 2018 (NAC), which on this occasion is being held at Veldhoven, The Netherlands. NAC is intended to provide a discussion forum for representatives from all the disciplines encompassed within the broad field of Earth Sciences. [...]
Professor Javier Martín-Torres, head of the Atmospheric Science Group at Luleå University of Technology, has been invited by Europlanet to act as the national contact person of the organization in Sweden. As such, he is the responsible for communicating the planetary research carried out in Sweden to Europlanet and, in the other sense, he will be the link for Swedish planetologists to access the research developed within the organization and its facilities. [...]
Álvaro Soria Salinas, Riccardo Lucchese and Erik Nyberg, members of the PVT-GAMERS (Pressure-Volume-Temperature Gauging Method for Electric Propulsion Systems) experiment team, attended the ESA’s Gravity-related experiments training week, the first milestone in the series of preparation meetings and workshops which will mark the development of the current edition of the Fly Your Thesis! Programme. [...]
Olle Norberg, Director-General of the Swedish National Space Board (SNSB-Rymdstyrelsen), visited LTU's Luleå's campus last January 31st, and devoted some time to meet Atmospheric Scienc Group members. [...]
Dr. Paul Overduin, a Senior Scientist at Alfred Wegener Institute's (AWI) Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam (Germany), visited the Atmospheric Science Group last 9th January, and interacted with some of its researchers and students. [...]
On mid-December 2017, IKI gave the green light to the HABIT project to ship the Electrical Test Model to Russia. The European Space Agency, always supporting HABIT, issued the customs paperwork, and now the HABIT Electrical Test Model arrived to Moscow since January 15. [...]
Javier Martín-Torres, head of the Atmospheric Science Group, is attending a briefing on the technical features of the Dream Chaser spacecraft. The meeting, which is organized by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), will be held at the UN office in Vienna, and will be devoted to informing about the capabilities of the Dream Chaser, its payload requirements and constraints, and to the presentation of the Dream Chaser User’s manual. [...]
The six proposals submitted by the Atmospheric Science Group to the ESA’s call for ideas for research opportunities to be developed within the Deep Space Gateway programme, were included for their presentation during a workshop held at the agency’s European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Noordwijk, the Netherlands, on December 5th-6th. [...]
The Far-Infrared Outgoing Radiation Understanding and Monitoring (FORUM), a project in which Prof. Javier Martín-Torres and Prof. María Paz Zorzano-Mier are Co-Investigators, has been selected by ESA, together with Sea Surface Kinematics Multiscale monitoring (SKIM) instrument, as the next missions to be developed within its Living Planet programme, devoted to observing Earth from space. The concepts will be studied during an initial feasibility phase A, after which one of them will be eventually chosen to be the ninth Earth Explorer mission. [...]
A prototype of the Perpetual Environmental Station (PES1) has been mounted at LTU’s Luleå campus to test its performance during the winter time. PES1 is intended to be eventually installed in a remote location in Iceland, where it is expected to be providing real time data for a long period of time, so this first trial will serve to check its robustness. [...]
The 5th meeting of the Nordic Wind Energy Center (WindCoE) was held at the Luleå campus of the Luleå University of Technology during November 14th-15th. The Atmospheric Science Group, one of the partners in the project, hosted the meeting devoted to share the advances in the different studies the member groups are carrying out, as well as the future activities of the Center. [...]
The improved Pressure-Volume-Temperature Gauging Method for Electric Propulsion Systems (PVT-GAMERS) has been one of the two selected projects to be included in the ESA’s Fly Your Thesis! 2018 campaign, which will take place in Autumn 2018. The PVT-GAMERS is a technological demonstrator proposal, aimed at validating a new methodology by operating it in a representative environment, in this case a zero-g and a modified-g scenario. In the future, this method may be used in propellant tanks of any electric propulsion spacecraft to determine, in the absence of gravity, the amount of remaining propellant during the full duration of its mission. [...]
Last October 18th, the balloon version of Particle Counter K-index Magnetic Anomaly (PACKMAN-B), was launched from Esrange Space Center (SSC), in a flight which opened the regular collaboration agreed between the center and Atmospheric Science Group. Although this was the second flight of the instrument (called PACKMAN B2 on this occasion), which was already tested on board a balloon launched from Córdoba, Spain, last August, this time the operations have taken place in the arctic region, where the instrument has been specifically conceived to work. [...]
A recently published study, (Himalayan glaciers experienced significant mass loss during later phases of little ice age), co-authored by Anshuman Bhardwaj, Javier Martín-Torres and María Paz Zorzano, from the Atmospheric Science Group, has contributed relevant data to fill the existing gaps in the records of glacier’s mass balance in the Western Himalaya region. The study, based on an unprecedented dendrochronological sampling, casts light on the comprehension of the climate sensitive subtropical glacier systems evolution, and dates back to 1615, encompassing the latter period of the Little Ice Age. [...]
A unit of the balloon version of the Particle Counter K-index Magnetic Anomaly (PACKMAN-B) has been carried to Esrange Space Center (SSC) to be included in a balloon campaign. The launch window opens on Oct. 18th, and Samuel Konatham and Abhilash Vakkada, the members of the Atmospheric Science Group who are on charge of the works with the instrument, are already at the Center to accomplish the Flight Compatibility Test and the Flight Readiness Review. [...]
Between 5th-10th October, it took place a workshop intended to the localization of drilling points in the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa, one of the only two places in the world, together with the Pilbara region, in which there are continental sedimentary deposits from the early Archean period. It was organized by the International Continental Scientific Drilling Programme (ICDP), and David Fernández Remolar, member of the Atmospheric Science Group, took part in the campaign. [...]
The 5th Mine Analog Research (MINAR 5) campaign at Boulby mine, England, has just started out with a high involvement of the Atmospheric Science Group, which has planned an intense work schedule including a wide series of experiments to be conducted. The campaign is framed in the NASA’s Spaceward Bound 2017 programme, and focus on different science areas, some of which are of special interest for the upcoming Mars exploration missions’ objectives, such as the inquiry into the preservation of biosignatures in salts, the study of the type of organisms inhabiting them, or the better characterization of evaporite deposits. [...]
The improved Pressure-Volume-Temperature Gaugin Method for Electric pRopulsion System (PVT-GAMERS) experiment has been short listed for its inclusion in the 2018 Fly Your Thesis! Campaign. This is the second attempt to get a post in the European Space Agency’s parabolic flights programme, after having been discarded in the final selection last year. On this occasion, the maturity acquired by the experiment poses a new hope of being among those eventually chosen to be carried out in the ongoing edition of the programme. [...]
Atmospheric Science Group is submitting several proposals to Deep Space Gateway call, opened by European Space Agency for the selection of projects to be carried out along this ambitious series of missions, which will mean a big step forward in human space exploration and related science, regarding different research fields and technological development. [...]
The Engineering Model of HABIT (Habitability, Brines, Irradiation and Temperature) instrument was recently brought to Atmospheric Science Group’s headquarters at Luleå University of Technology, by representatives of the company in charge of its building, Omnisys. The model, which is getting closer and closer to the final design, will be submitted to a long, thorough and intense series of tests from now on, both in the Group’s lab and in field-site campaigns. [...]
The Joint Artic Agendan (JAA) workshop 2017 was held at Luleå University of Technology (LTU) last 13th-14th September, with the participation of Prof. Javier Martín-Torres and Anshuman Bhardwaj, head and member of the Atmospheric Science Group respectively, who attended as representatives of LTU. [...]
Atmospheric Science Group, and in particular the studies which are being carried out regarding Mars exploration, is going to be present at the European Planetary Science Congress, which is being held at Riga, Latvia, between 17th and 22nd of September. [...]
A recent study published in Scientific Reports, an open access Nature magazine’s journal, points to the likely possibility that Slope Streaks, one of the most conspicuous topographic features of the surface of Mars, have deliquescence as their root cause. The paper,entitled Martian slope streaks as plausible indicators of transient water activity and led by the Atmospheric Science Group with Anshuman Bhardwaj as first author, enhances the importance of the ground-atmosphere water exchange cycle and its liquid state phases in the Martian environmental dynamics, a matter that will be directly investigated by means of the HABIT instrument for the first time during the ExoMars 2020 mission. [...]
A first trial of a balloon version of the Particle Counter K-index Magnetic Anomaly (PACKMAN-B) took place last 30th August in Córdoba, Spain, on board a balloon launched from the city airport. Everything went as expected, and PACKMAN-B provided a first set of data which, even though won’t be valuable from a scientific point of view because of the latitude, have demonstrated the readiness and robustness of the instrument. The flight was scheduled by Zero2Infinity, a Spanish company devoted to the rendering of balloons and reusable rockets flights for the space industry and for scientific purposes. [...]
The volume 293 of the Icarus journal, to be published next September, highlight in his cover a paper signed among other authors by David Fernández-Remolar, member of the Atmospheric Science Group, appreciating this way the significance of the study presented in the paper as a contribution to Mars exploration and the current strength of this particular area of research within Solar System exploration. [...]
This one is being a busy week for Atmospheric Science Group, some of whose members are attending to two outstanding scientific events: the 23rd ESA Symposium on European Rocket & Balloon programmes and Related Research, and a meeting of the Planetary Protection Working Group. [...]
The first meeting of HABIT science team has consisted of an intense series of lectures and discussions focused on the science that support the research to be carried out by means of the instrument regarding two main subjects: the formation of brines and the habitability potential on Mars. These issues constitute the core of HABIT operations within the upcoming ExoMars 2020 mission. [...]
The Instrumentation for Space and Planetary Investigation, Resources and Exploration Lab (INSPIRE Lab), has been officially inaugurated on the occasion of the opening of the “Mars week” at Luleå University of Technology. The event counted on the attendance of the members of the HABIT science team, who are holding their first meeting these days. They could see an exhibition of the different projects which are being developed by Atmospheric Science Group. [...]
The investigations of the ExoMars 2016’s Schiaparelli Entry Descent and Landing (EDM) demonstrator module have concluded, and a detailed report has been released by the Schiaparelli Inquiry Board (SIB), a pool of independent experts which was requested to elaborate it. The SIB, chaired by the ESA Inspector General Toni Tolker-Nielsen, has gone into depth in the sequence of errors which led to the crash of the module, has identify their causes and has recommended the convenient corrective actions to be taken into account with regard to ExoMars 2020 mission. [...]
Between May 29th and June 1st, the Luleå University of Technology (LTU) will host a “Mars Week”, on the occasion of the first HABIT science team meeting at LTU. Apart from the working sessions on the current stage of the instrument’s development and the pooling of the work lines to follow hereunder, a series of events for the spreading of the word about Mars and the investigations to be performed in the planet by means of HABIT during the ExoMars 2020 mission have been scheduled. [...]
Anshuman Bhardwaj, Associate Senior Lecturer of the Atmospheric Science Group, has been invited to permanently join the editorial board of the Cogent Geosciences Journal, one of the open access publications of the online editor Taylor & Francis. Dr. Bhardwaj will apply his expertise in glaciology and remote sensing to the review, selection and edition of the submissions received by the publication concerning these research areas. [...]
Last 8th-10th of May, the 2017’s edition of the Space Forum Sweden (Rymdforum)took place in Kiruna, with the attendance of several representatives from the Atmospheric Science Group, including its chair, Javier Martín-Torres. There was a talk in the agenda reserved to the Group’s activities which, as could not be otherwise, was focused on HABIT (Habitability, Brines, Irradiation and Temperature), one of the cornerstones for the Swedish space sector progress and the main project the Group is involved in. [...]
Interview with Sir Brian Hoskins
During the last visit to Luleå Tekniska Universitet, the eminent meteorologist Sir Brian Hoskins, apart from offering a lecture about his innovative studies on the Hadley Cell, devoted some time to discuss about some other subjects with several members of the Atmospheric Science Group. [...]
To land a spacecraft on Mars is not an easy goal. Apart from the technological challenges it entails, there is another question which could seem prosaic but which require a painstaking and intense process of elucidation: the selection of the landing site. Professor Javier Martín-Torres and Professor María Paz Zorzano Mier, Principal Investigator and Co-Principal Investigator of the ExoMars 2020’s instrument HABIT [...]
Interview with Christer Fuglesang
Christer Fuglesang visited Luleå University of Technology’s Rymdcampus in Kiruna, where he gave a talk about his remarkable career as an astronaut and reviewed the main problems posed within human space exploration regarding his field of expertise: radiation. As the current director of the Royal Institute of Technology’s (KTH) Space Center, he presented a list of the ongoing projects of the institution with respect to this same topic and others. [...]
HAbitability, Brines, Irradiation and Temperature (HABIT) is a novel instrument never used before in the exploration of Mars, nor even on any other place. Therefore, it is having to be developed from scratch, at least with regard to its Brine Observation Transition To Liquid Experiment (BOTTLE) unit. The Field Site Prototype (FSP-HABIT) has been the first embryo of the device, and has made possible to identify the very basic problems its design and functioning pose, as well as serving as the Master Thesis subject for Johannes Güttler, the master student who built it and tested it, pointing the ways to follow in the subsequent development of HABIT. [...]
SALACIA (Saline Liquids and Conductivity in the Atmosphere) was finally launched on board the 21 REXUS rocket from Esrange after one day delay with respect to schedule due to the weather conditions. Everything went according to plan and, after the recovery of the rocket, it could be verified that all the systems in the instrument functioned properly and the sensors took the expected measurements. This success gives place to the last but not least stage of the project: the scientific exploitation of the obtained data; the definitive task whose results will give a sense to all the earlier work. [...]
The first phase of the ExoMars programme, the ExoMars 2016 mission, left the Earth last 14 March and, after completing the manoeuvres to get into the correct trajectory, it got its way to Mars, where it arrived last October the 19th. The Atmospheric Science Group of the Luleå University of Technology will be very attentive to the course of the mission, since it is involved in several senses in this mission that will push the limits of the knowledge about Mars environment, and which is going to undertake expressly the direct search for signs of life on the planet. [...]
Members of the Atmospheric Science Group have developed a new method to gauge the propellant content in the tanks of modern spacecrafts equipped with electric propulsion (EP) thrusters. It is called Improved Pressure-Volume-Temperature (PVT) method, and it allows for retrieving the amount of propellant throughout the whole operational lifetime of the spacecrafts with an accuracy 8 times higher than with the usually applied methods, which show increasing inaccuracy towards the end of the nominal missions, when the amount of propellant in the tank is scarce. The work, supported by experimental confirmation in laboratory, has been published in the International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering (A Xenon Mass Gauging through Heat Transfer Modeling for Electric Propulsion Thrusters). [...]
The recently published paper Should we invest in Martian brine research to reduce Mars exploration costs? (Astrobiology, available online), authored by Professor Javier Martín-Torres and Professor María Paz Zorzano, focuses on one transcendent problem posed by the discovery of the formation of transient liquid brines on the surface of Mars: the presence of liquid water will mark the most interesting points to be explored by the coming missions, which are at the same time the points where an extreme caution must be observed in order to avoid an eventual and catastrophic contamination of the Martian environment with terrestrial organisms. [...]