|Tanya Keusen||United Nations|
|Jorge del Rio Vera||United Nations|
|Andy Spry||NASA Planetary Protection Office, USA|
|Gerhard Kminek||ESA Planetary Protection Office|
|Chris McKay||NASA Ames, USA|
|Yoshifumi Inatani||JAXA (Japanese Space Agency), Japan|
|Sherry Cady||Astrobiology Journal, USA|
|Rafael Navarro-Gonzalez||Autonomous National University of Mexico, Mexico|
|Kathleen Campbell||University of Auckland, New Zealand|
|Cassie Conley||NASA, USA|
|Henry Sun||Desert Research Institute, USA|
|Dirk Schulze-Makuch||Washington State University, USA|
|Michael A. Mischna||Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), USA|
|James J. Wray||Georgia Tech University, USA|
|John Rummel||SETI Institute, USA|
|Alfred McEwen||Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, Arizona University, USA|
|Alex Pavlov||NASA Goddard, USA|
|Petra Rettberg||DLR (German Space Agency), Germany|
|Maria Paz Zorzano Mier||Luleå University of Technology, Sweden|
|Abdelgadir Abuelgasim||United Arab Emirates University, United Arab Emirates|
|Eizo Nakamura||Okayama University, Japan|
|Usui Tomohiro||JAXA - Dept. of Solar System Sciences, Japan|
|Jun Huang||China University of Geosciences, China|
|Yan Su||National Astronomical Observatories of China, China|
|Pierluigi Cocco||University of Cagliari, Italy|
|Javier Martin-Torres||Luleå University of Technology, Sweden|
|Monica Grady||Open University, United Kingdom|
|Charles S. Cockell||University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom|
|Frances Westall||National Centre for Scientific Research, France|
|Anshuman Bhardwaj||Luleå University of Technology, Sweden|
|Lydia Sam||Luleå University of Technology, Sweden|
|Shaktiman Singh||Luleå University of Technology, Sweden|
|Jose Antonio Gordillo Martorell||Luleå University of Technology, Sweden|
|Juan Francisco Buenestado Castro||Luleå University of Technology, Sweden|
|Elizabeth Escamilla Roa||Luleå University of Technology, Sweden|
|Juan Antonio Ramirez Luque||Luleå University of Technology, Sweden|
|November 14||09:00 - 9:15||Reception and Welcome|
|09:15 - 10:00||Presentation of the goals and format of the Debate|
|10:00 - 10:45||Presentation of the HABIT/ExoMars Tour|
|10:45 - 11:00||Where on Mars?
What are the local resources that we should visit with landed platforms (water? minerals? organics?)?
RSL wet markers or dry-activity regions? Regions to visit or to avoid?
Chairs: Michael Mischna and Usui Tomohiro
|11:00 - 11:15||PP Protocols:
Should we reinforce/reduce Planetary Protection protocols ?
Should we adopt global policies on planetary exploration?
Chairs: Gerhard Kminek and Cassie Conley
|11:15 - 11:30||Mars Exploration and Research Advantages of Sample Return:
Do we need more robotic missions before humans are on Mars?
Before Mars Sample Return ? What kind of missions?
What are the scientific goals that justify Mars exploration in the next decades?
Chairs: Dirk Schulze-Makuch and Monica Grady
|11:30 - 11:45||Private vs Space Agencies-led Mars Exploration, Research, ISRU. Advantages/disadvantages
How the space exploration pie should be divided between Space Agencies and private companies
(on planetary protection, resources and exploitation, policies, technologies, UN space treaties, market, return of samples, space junk..) ?
Chairs: Mª Paz Zorzano
|11:45 - 12:00||Moon and Deep Space Gateway before Mars:
Benefits/Dissadvantages: Would that cause a delay to Mars Exploration and Research?
Chairs: Javier Martín-Torres
|12:00 - 13:30||Lunch Break|
|13:30 - 14:30||Where on Mars?
|14:30 - 15:00||Coffee Break|
|15:00 - 16:00||PP Protocols:
|16:00 - 17:00||Mars Exploration and Research Advantages of Sample Return:
|17:15 - 18:00||Visit Teknikens Hus|
|End of day 1|
|November 15||10:00 - 11:00||Private vs Space Agencies-led Missions
|11:00 - 12:00||Moon and Deep Space Gateway before Mars
|12:00 - 13:30||Lunch break|
|13:30 - 16:00||Splinter Sessions for discussions in every topic|
|16:00 - 17:00||Summary of sessions by every topic´s rapporteurs|
|17:00 - 17:30||Communicating Mars
Speakers: GAS Science Communication Team; Juan Francisco Buenestado and José Antonio Gordillo Martorell
|End of day 2|
|19:00||All together dinner|
|November 16||09:00 - 12:00||Splinter Sessions for discussions in every topic|
|12:00 - 13:00||Lunch break|
|13:00 - 15:00||General discussion|
|15:00 - 16:00||Wrap-up and actions for papers preparation|
|End of Conference|
During the second week of November 2018 a Mars Exploration international Debate will take place in Luleå, Sweden, hosted by the Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS) of the Luleå University of Technology. It has been convened with the aim of defining key guidelines for the upcoming investigations to be carried out on the planet by the next scheduled missions, in which GAS is a highly involved actor.
GAS is the responsible of the instrument HABIT (Habitability: Brines, Irradiation, and Temperature), which will fly in the ESA/IKI´s module (the Surface Platform) of the ExoMars 2020 mission. We are also co-Is of the Curiosity rover, the Atmospheric Chemistry Suite (ACS) instrument on board the Trace Gas Orbiter (ExoMars 2016 mission), and of the Infrared Spectrometer for ExoMars (ISEM) instrument, that will be part of the scientific payload on the ExoMars rover, among other missions.
The purpose of this meeting is to foster discussion about six current hot topics which will mark the development of the near future exploration of Mars. Despite their importance, they are controversial in many aspects, and consensus about the most appropriate approach to outline the related investigations is still far to be reached. Hence, taking into account their foreseeable impact on the near future exploration of Mars, it is of the major interest to fix some well-seeded criteria to face the ways and objectives of the research to be performed.
The Debate on Mars Exploration and Research is designed in a unique fashion where every invited participant will work on a team in one (or several) of the 6 topics, to reach a common consensus or set of recommendations that will be published in the form of articles on a special Issue on the journal Astrobiology after the conference. To accomplish this goal, researchers defending different positions with respect to these topics have been invited, as well as representatives from NASA, ESA, IKI, JAXA, Chinese Space Agency, Emirates Space Agency, UNOOSA, COSPAR, ...
We believe that the best way to promote a unique advance on Mars exploration is through providing a friendly framework for debate and collaboration among institutions, researchers and engineers from different disciplines related to Mars exploration.
The Debate Dynamics
The Debate will be organised with a previous agenda of work to be executed remotely, while minimising the work load of participants so that the activity during the days of the meeting at Luleå is more focused on face-to-face discussion and walking through the previously defined issues. The procedure will be the following:
- Attendants will be previously asked to join at least one of the 6 groups of discussion, focused on the following subjects: a, b, c, d...
- The responsibility of each member of a team will be to prepare 2 slides with images/concepts/data references etc. which, in her or his opinion, are relevant for the topic.
- Two chair persons will be chosen for each group, and they will be on charge of maintaining remote meetings with their respective teams. They will gather their team slides, which will be presented and discussed in a team telecom.
- After the telecom, the chairs will summarise the points of views, agreements and disagreements in a 2-page abstract which will be circulated within the team for comments and approval, together with a merged power point that will be attached as visual information.
- Once this process has been followed, the organisers of the debate will recirculate the material from all the teams to all the participants of the conference, so that every participant has the information before meeting at Luleå.
- The agenda of the debate will be adapted to the hot-topics that have been previously detected along this process.
Professor Javier Martín-Torres
Professor María Paz Zorzano
and The Group of Atmospheric Science (GAS)
Luleå University of Technology